What is HTML?
HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, the standard language for web pages on the internet. HTML is not a programming language like C++ or Python, but a markup language, meaning it defines the way text and other media is read by a web browser, i.e. which text is bold, which text is a heading, which text or which image is a hyperlink, and much more. These specifications are denoted using a system of tags and attributes that prepend and append plain text.
How does HTML work?
HTML is maintained by the Worldwide Web Consortium, which decides the standards and features of the language. HTML is currently in its fifth version, HTML5, though much of the content on the web was written in HTML4.