This post was originally published on May 29, 2019.
Last week, San Francisco became the first city in the U.S. to ban government agencies from using facial recognition technology.
With the increasingly pervasive presence of facial recognition technology in public spaces, the decision is now prompting others to follow in its footsteps.
The state of surveillance
In a few short decades, CCTV surveillance cameras have become commonplace in our cities. The UK boasts up to six million cameras, including half a million in London, and the U.S. has an estimated 30 million catching four billion hours of footage every week.
Facilitating the millions of cameras is the fast-evolving facial recognition technology that can record your face and attempt to identify you in real time. The technology works by mapping individual faces in a crowd, and automatically comparing them to a database that can include missing people, suspects, and persons of interest.
New, biased, and error-prone
The apparent eagerness of countries and companies to use facial recognition while it’s still biased and error-prone is grim. The ACLU tested Amazon’s new facial recognition technology, Rekognition, on members of U.S. Congress and found 28 of them were falsely matched with mugshots—most of whom were women and people of color. Across the pond, London’s Metropolitan police misidentified members of the public as possible criminals in 96% of scans performed.
The dangerous consequences of this bias and inaccuracy in facial recognition technology justify the scrutiny surrounding it, and its intrusive nature has pushed more people to call for limitations in their scope.
San Francisco’s ban sets the bar
It’s no wonder, then, that advocacy groups welcomed San Francisco’s preemptive ban on facial recognition technology in government agencies as a good first step. With the tech hub taking the lead, other cities and states are taking note and churning legislation of their own. Oakland and Berkeley, California, and Somerville, Massachusetts are considering bans before government agencies can further implement the technology and the whole state of California itself is considering a total ban on facial recognition tech in police body cameras.
But the fight is facing new challenges. Despite protests from its workers, Amazon’s shareholders overwhelmingly rejected putting regulations on its facial recognition software, Rekognition, and the company continues to heavily market the system to police departments and government agencies in the U.S..
Can the Brits do better? Maybe.
Across the Atlantic, the UK’s police force have found themselves having to defend their use of facial recognition for the first time in court.
Ed Bridges, an office worker from Cardiff, is bringing the South Wales police into court for using facial recognition to capture his image several times in public spaces. Alleging an unlawful invasion of privacy, Bridges’ case is the first of its kind in the UK to challenge the police’s use of automated facial recognition.
This court case could not have been more timely—in the same week, the Metropolitan police in London fined a man £90 for disorderly behavior when he refused to have his face scanned by the Metropolitan police in London during a public trial of the technology.
Are you ready for a world of facial recognition? Several UK police forces have been trialling the technology. pic.twitter.com/4LFLLEzSQe
— @bbcclick (@BBCClick) May 13, 2019
The tug of war continues
It’s a sad state of affairs when some large powers continue to exhibit an insatiable appetite for even more personal information, disregarding the public’s rights to privacy and consent.
With legal tussles heating up between the public and corporations and governments, 2019 looks to be a decisive year in the debate of just how pervasive facial recognition technology will be in our day-to-day lives.
How you can fight
If you’re not super comfortable with the idea of automated facial recognition, you can always start with something small, like wearing a face mask (or maybe even something more elaborate).
If you want to see your city push for greater regulation of facial recognition technology, join campaigns in the U.S. and UK run by advocacy groups to add pressure to your representatives in the government.