Are you being spied on online? The short answer is: probably. Although that depends on your definition of spying.
In this post, we look at the key ways third parties could be snooping on your online activities right now.
One way you’re almost certainly being spied on online is by your government. In the US, the National Security Agency (NSA) legally collects private data including:
- Emails, messages and other data from your accounts with AOL, Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, PalTalk, Skype, Yahoo, YouTube, Facebook and others
- Internet traffic passing through undersea fiber optic cables, which it taps in collaboration with governments around the world
- Cell phone locations in some countries outside the US. It collects around 5 billion records per day
In the UK, the Tempora program intercepts Internet traffic for surveillance purposes in partnership with the country’s telecoms companies and the NSA.
These are just the programs we know about, based on leaked information. So there’s also the possibility that new and secret surveillance programs are spying on us in other ways, too.
Unsecure Internet connections
You might have secured your own network and computers with firewall and security software. You probably also have an authenticated connection to your ISP. But how secure is the path your data takes when you transmit it over the Internet?
Unless you’re using a VPN, not very. When you send or receive data packets online, you know if when they reach their destination. But you don’t know which networks data has passed through on its way to that destination – or who might have made a copy. It’s possible that your Internet traffic is being spied on, by other parties as well as government agencies.
If your computer is infected with malicious software, then it could be spying on you too. Types of malware that can steal your data include:
Keyloggers – The program records every keystroke you make and sends it to a third party, in order to track your activity or steal your credit card information.
Adware – Websites you visit are tracked and sent to a third party, which uses the data to target ads based on your browsing history.
Spyware – Software that appears to serve a useful purpose but which also steals your data. The infamous CoolWebSearch download presented itself as a browser add-on, but also stole chatlogs, account credentials, bank information and more.
Third-party tracking cookies
Web advertising distribution networks get a cookie from your browser every time you see one of their ads. Each cookie includes information that identifies you, either by your IP address or your browser’s unique identifier.
If the ad distributor is big enough, you’ll see their ads on lots of different sites. And they’ll get a cookie each time. The result is that the advertiser can track your browsing activity, and use the data to target ads more effectively.
Whether or not this constitutes spying is a matter of perspective. But these tracking cookies could certainly be considered a sneaky invasion of your privacy.
Measures to protect you from spies
If you want to protect your data from secret surveillance, consider the following steps.
- Use a VPN to encrypt your Internet traffic, so spies can’t open data packets even if they intercept it
- Install security software and keep it up to date, to protect your computer from malware and hackers
- Disable third-party cookies in your browser. It’s a simple option in Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox and others.